Pomeranian Dog – Breed Information, Health Information You must know

The Pomeranian is the smallest dog breed in the family of Spitz. As a companion dog, Pomeranian is well-known for its compact size, thick, and rounded coat. Pomeranian owners also love their “Pomes”, and current fashion for small dogs has increased the popularity for this dog breed worldwide.

History and Background of Pomeranian

The Pomeranian comes down from the Spitz family of dogs. An ancient group of this dog breed came from the Arctic region. The breed gets its name from the northern Poland and Germany along with Baltic Sea because the breed was developed and bred down there, not because of its origination.

This dog breed was introduced in England in the mid-19th century when two members of British Royal Family influence by them. They brought two Pomeranians, but these dogs were not as today. Probably, having 30 pounds weight and white, the ancestor of the dog breed was the Deutscher Spitz. The larger Pomeranian served the job as a sheepherder.

The English Kennel Club recognised the Pomeranian in 1870. This dog breed grew in popularity when a Pomeranian dog was brought from Italy by Queen Victoria. That dog breeds were large and grey whereas others were small and sported in various colour strains.

Pomeranian Dog

Physical Characteristics of Pomeranian

The Pomeranian dog looks like a fox and has an alert expression. A small Pomeranian, weighing 1.36 to 3.17 KG and standing 8 to 14 inches height along with its thick, soft undercoat and harsh, long outer coat body. The body usually comes with a variation of red, orange, cream, black and sable. It also has a curled tail, small ears. Pomeranians are ranging from 7 to 12 inches tall and weigh 3 to 7 pounds. The more giant puppies are varying from 12 to 14 pounds or more weight.

Personality of Pomeranian

The extroverted Pomeranian is smart and loves meeting new people. He behaves well with other animals too as a busy, bold, and vivacious. Sometimes Pomeranians may bark a lot towards unfriendly dogs. This dog thinks him a lot bigger than he is. And, along with self-confidence, this dog breed is playful, inquisitive, attentive, and always in the mood for a game or an adventure.

Size of Pomeranian

A small Pomeranian, weighing 1.36 to 3.17 KG and standing 8 to 14 inches height along with its thick, soft undercoat and harsh, long outer coat body. Pomeranians are ranging from 7 to 12 inches tall and weight 3 to 7 pounds. The more giant puppies are varying from 12 to 14 pounds or more weight.


The Pomeranian dog breed is small but active indoors. It requires daily physical stimulation like short walks or indoor games. They love to play but get bored quickly. So, lots of toys should be in stock and rotation of them is needed frequently. So, there is always something new for them. The double coat of Pomeranian requires brushing twice a week. As it is small and family-oriented, it should not be kept outdoors.


Daily, it needs 1/4 to 1/2 cup of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. Depending upon age, size, metabolism, build and activity, Pomeranian eats food. The owner must maintain the guidelines for buying and feeding the Pomeranian starting from puppy to adult.


The Pomeranian breed has an average lifespan of 12 to 16 years. It may suffer from minor health issues such as open fontanel, shoulder luxation, hypoglycaemia, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), and entropion. And the major issues, a Pomeranian has to face-off, are patellar luxation, Legg-Perthes Disease, Hip Dysplasia, Tracheal collapse and Patent Ductus Arteriosis (PDA).

  • Allergies – It is common heath problem that faced by Pomeranian dog breed. There are different types of allergies such as food-based allergies, contain allergies, and so on. Contain allergies caused by topical substances like breeding, dog shampoos, and flea powders etc. If you noticed your Pomeranian lick his paws and rub it to his face, it is a sign of an allergy. You have to take him to the vet for a check-up.
  • Eye Problems – Different types of eye problems like cataracts, dry eye (kerato-conjunctivitis-sicca) (dryness of the cornea and the conjunctiva), tear duct problem etc. are faced by this dog breeds. Either redness of eye or scarring or excessive tearing is noticed then it needs to check up.
  • Legg-Perthes Disease – It is also a hip joint-related issue due to which the blood supply decreased to the femur. It results disintegrate in the pelvis. Limping and atrophy are the first sign of Legg-Perth’s Disease. Surgery is the last option to resolve it.
  • Hip Dysplasia – Factors like genetic, diet, environment etc. caused the deformity of hip joint. With this disability, Pomeranian can live a normal and healthy life but the owner should care about its regular exercise and not to overload. In serious cases, a dog needs hip replacement surgery to get rid of this health issue.
  • Epilepsy – Epilepsy is a neurological condition. It happens often, not always. Epilepsy caused unusual behaviour such as running frantically as if being chased, staggering, or hiding, rigid limbs and losing attention.
  • Dental Problem – Sometimes Pomeranians faced teeth and gum problems. That results in early tooth loss. The owner must take his Pomeranian for a constant dental check-up to the vet.
  • Collapsed Trachea – Trachea that carries air to lungs, may collapse. The usual sign of this condition is dry, chronic and harsh cough. Pulling its collar tightly during walking of training may be the cause of collapsing. By medically or surgically, it can be treated.
  • Patellar Luxation – This is a common problem in Pomeranians which is also known as “slipped stifles.” It is caused when the femur (thigh bone), patella (knee cap), and tibia (calf) are not correctly lined up. Patellar Luxation results in lameness in the leg or an abnormal gait or a hop.

To identify these issues, a veterinarian may run cardiac, knee, and eye exams on this dog breed.


So, this is all about one of the best dog breeds in India – Pomeranian. With this comprehensive information, we try to provide you with basic knowledge about Pomeranian dog. Finally, if you like our article and efforts behind it, please share this post with your lovable persons. If you want to know anything, then feel free to comment below.


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